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Pet dog

by:Zhierde     2020-12-29

Pet dogs are canine animals that people keep for eliminating loneliness or for entertainment purposes, or dogs that are kept for non-economic purposes. A dog is a kind of spiritual animal. It has been domesticated by humans for thousands of years. It has a keen sense of smell, agile movements, understanding, and loyalty to its owner. In many countries, all kinds of beautiful dogs have long become the most beloved family pets.

The more famous pet dogs are: Tibetan Mastiff, Husky, Chow Chow, Golden Retriever, German Shepherd, Schnauzer, Dalmatian, Pomeranian, Chihuahua, Scottish Shepherd, Samoyed, Cocker Spaniel, Labrador, Pekingese , Bichon, Poodle, Maltese, Belgian Spaniel, Teddy Bear, Border Collie, Alaska, Fox Terrier, etc.

Canine animals that people keep in order to eliminate loneliness or for entertainment purposes. Or dogs raised for non-economic purposes. The more famous pet dogs are: Tibetan Mastiff, Husky, Chow Chow, Golden Retriever, German Shepherd, Schnauzer, Dalmatian, Pomeranian, Chihuahua, Scottish Shepherd, Samoyed, Cocker Spaniel, Labrador, Pekingese , Bichon, VIP, Maltese[1], Belgian Hound Chijin Book and so on.

In this high-speed and stressful society, if you want to reduce your stress and improve your work efficiency, I suggest you try to raise a pet dog. It will bring you a lot of fun, and some will The effect of curing diseases is of course different from person to person. You will feel this way when you treat your pet dog as your closest friend. For some lonely elderly people with children away and no one at home, you can feed your pet dogs, because this can make your life more fulfilling and relieve the loneliness of life. Letting your child raise animals can cultivate his sense of responsibility and love for animals. When your own pet dog has a relationship with you for many years, you will treat it as a loved one, and you can't bear it. Pet dog can promote better communication and communication between people.


Folded feeding habits
Dogs were carnivorous animals in ancient times, mainly preying on small animals. Pet dogs have undergone major changes in their eating habits under the domestication and long-term influence of humans, turning them into carnivorous omnivores, and some pet dogs are even ubiquitous. , All kinds of meat, eggs, animal bones, blood, internal organs and other animal foods, all kinds of processed food crops, all kinds of beans seeds, all kinds of vegetables, fruits, etc. can be eaten. However, it is best to feed a pet dog mainly with meat. The feed should be equipped with more animal protein and fat, supplemented with vegetarian food, otherwise it is prone to malnutrition, and its normal growth and health cannot be guaranteed. Dogs have carnivorous physiological characteristics. For example, their canine teeth and molars are sharp and strong, which are good for biting and cutting. The content of hydrochloric acid in the stomach is the first among domestic animals. The intestinal wall is thick and it is easy to digest meat, but it is not good at chewing. wolf'. Understand these characteristics, so as not to stab the mouth and esophagus when the dog eats. As the saying goes, 'dogs can't change eating shit'. Dogs not only eat human shit, but also dog shit. This is a dog's vice and must be corrected.

Folding grade habit
Dogs live in groups and have obvious hierarchical habits. They protect their companions and fear leaders. In the dog group, there is always a dog in the position of the leader to become the head dog. It leads the dog group activities, dominates and governs the dog group. The leader of the head dog is obtained through battle. Usually the head dog is only allowed to not allow the other dog to check the genital organs of his dog; other dogs are not allowed to urinate to the place where he has urinated. Other dogs can shake their heads, wave their tails, play naughty or walk away, sit down or lie down in front of the head dog. Only stop when the head dog leaves. After the level is clear, the hostility is eliminated and you begin to become a companion and teammate. The owner of the pet dog is usually regarded by the pet dog as the leader of the team. If a stranger (person or dog) is accepted by the team leader innocently, the pet dog generally accepts the same. Keeping a pet dog must make it understand that it is the lowest member of the family team, otherwise it will not obey other members of the family team.

Territorial habits
Dogs have obvious territorial habits and are used to marking their 'sphere of influence' with urine or smell, and they are frequently updated to signal their 'territory' to other animals and warn other animals not to invade. The smell of one dog can make another dog know the territory, gender, age, and health of the dog. A territory can only belong to one dog or a group of dogs.

The way for a dog to mark its territory is to choose some fixed points to pee a small amount of urine on the way it usually walks. For example, when a male dog is walking outside, he often urinates to some tree trunks, street light poles, roadsides, and corners to mark its territory. If a foreign dog enters the territory of another dog, it will act with extreme caution. Once the territory dog ??comes, the foreign dog dare not look at the territory dog, pretend to be busy with his own affairs, and leave by the opportunity to avoid fighting with the territory dog. A pet dog will look very impressive in his own territory. The territorial habits of male dogs are more obvious than those of female dogs.

Aggressive habit
The aggressive behavior of dogs is to bite people or small animals, which is very dangerous if not strictly trained. The aggressive behavior of dogs is divided into normal and abnormal aggressive behaviors. The aggressive behaviors of dogs to protect their owners, protect their territories, defend their own safety, and fight for the dominance of the dog group are normal aggressive behaviors, but if these normal aggressive behaviors are too strong, they are abnormal aggressive behaviors that go against the owner’s wishes, such as strangers and dogs. When the owner fights, quarrels, or entangles, the dog comes forward and attacks a stranger. This is a normal aggressive behavior. However, if the dog owner instructs the dog to stop the attack, the dog continues to attack without observing the command, so as to harm the stranger, this is an abnormal attack. Behavior; such as attacking a stranger who enters the owner’s residence or courtyard, this is a normal aggressive behavior of the dog, because the owner’s residence or courtyard is regarded by the dog as its own territory and has defensive instinct, but if the dog owner instructs the dog not to attack the visitor The dog does not obey the instructions and still attacks the visitor, so that the owner’s relatives and friends cannot enter the owner’s residence or courtyard. This is the dog’s abnormal aggressive behavior; the dog has a defensive nature, and if its own safety is threatened, it will take aggressive behavior. This is a normal aggressive behavior, but if it hurts innocence, it is an abnormal aggressive behavior; in order to fight for the leader (head dog) status in the dog group, dogs and dogs will have aggressive behaviors. This is a normal aggressive behavior. The role that accepts dominance and obedience is A dog’s instinct. It is also a dog’s instinct to fight for the dominance of the dog group. As long as the dog group determines the hierarchical relationship, it will be peaceful and friendly, but if the owner shows up, there is a fierce fight between the dog group. When the dog group did not show up, it was calm. This is an abnormal aggressive behavior, indicating that the hierarchical relationship of the dog group has not been determined, and the dog is fighting for the leader (head dog) status.

Common abnormal aggressive behaviors of dogs include competitive aggressive behaviors against children, aggressive behaviors of catching and even killing small animals, etc. The originally docile pet dog sometimes suddenly barks and bites the owner’s child, causing the child to be frightened and hurt. This is a competitive aggressive behavior of the dog towards the child, which is an abnormal aggressive behavior. The reason is that the dog competes with the child and the dog is jealous of the owner. Caring for children more than themselves; although dogs have been domesticated for thousands of years, dogs still have the habit of hunting and catching prey. They often chase after 'prey' in a serious manner, and then suddenly give up in the last few seconds. Some will suddenly capture or even kill small animals, such as killing chickens and ducks. These are abnormal aggressive behaviors of dogs. The dog's normal aggressive behavior can be guided reasonably, and its abnormal aggressive behavior should be corrected in time and strictly adjusted.

Barking habit
Dogs are the offspring of wolves. Barking is a behavioral habit inherited by wolves, and it is often used as a 'language' for contacting companions. As dogs continue to evolve as they live with humans, barking has become a way for them to connect with people and express their emotions. Due to different breeds, dogs can be large and small, and their barking can be high and low, but the rhythm and barking method are basically the same. The barking of a dog can express different emotions such as crying, sadness, loneliness, sadness, sadness, unhappiness, pain, pain, happiness, urging, reporting, threats, anger, hatred, alertness and so on. But not all dogs can bark, and there are dogs that do not bark.

Some buildings in modern cities are as high as dozens of floors. Dogs are raised in such buildings. When the dog barks in the dead of night, it can sometimes spread to several square kilometers. Therefore, keeping dogs should consider the surrounding environment to avoid disturbing the people.

Communication habits
Dogs like to interact with people very much, even better than their kind. It’s a dog’s natural habit to like to interact with people, not only because it can be taken care of when interacting with people, there is food and housing, but also because a dog is a kind of spiritual animal with sensitive hearing, amazing smell and strong memory. In the process of being company with others, you can establish feelings and have a strong protective psychology for the owner. Dogs will rescue their owners from water, fired houses, and other disasters. If the owner of the dog dies, the dog will be sad, some will not eat or drink, some will be listless about everything, and some will sacrifice their lives for the owner. There are many real and touching stories, which is the main reason why dogs have become the most popular pets in families.


Small dog
Poodle[2] Teddy Dog Chihuahua Schnauzer Miniature Pinscher Corgi Hound Hound Bichon Frise Pug Dog Pekingese Papillon Shih Tzu Yorkshire West Highland White Terrier King Charles Maltese Rover Terrier Kane Crested Terrier Komon Dog Wire-haired Fox Terrier Silky Terrier English Springer Japanese Pointy Pomeranian

Medium Dog
Chow Chow, Husky, Shetland, Labrador, Silver Fox, Bellington Terrier, Shiba Inu, Bullhead Terrier, Bulldog, Beagle, Shar Pei, Beagle, Border Collie, Universal Terrier, German Shepherd, Scottish Shepherd, Golden Retriever, Dalmatian Cocker Spaniel Greyhound Samoyed Curl Itinerant Dog Taishi Irish Terrier.

Large dog
Great White Bear Rottweiler Caucasus Saint Bernard Gopherd Tibetan Mastiff Great Dane Alaskan Malamute Akita Afghan Pitbull Dogo Dog Doberman Bernese Mountain Dog Kelly Blue Terrier

Basic training

1. Give your puppy a nice name, look at it often and call it by name, let it know that you are greeting it. Over time, as soon as it hears its own name, it will come over to you, don't forget to reward it with some dog food for its obedient behavior. [2]

2. Naughty is the nature of most puppies. They often tear clothes or children's toys or bark and bite at home. When this happens to the dog, the owner should stop it in time and don't give it food, otherwise it will think it is doing the right thing. It should be punished in due course, such as closing the toilet for a while and hiding toys and food are all effective methods.

3. Wear a suitable chain for the dog, and take it out for a walk regularly to let the wind ventilate. If the dog is always bored at home, the dog will be bored. Take it out to open your eyes and take a walk in crowded places. Listen Listen to different sounds. [5]

4. Must not beat or scold the dog, it will leave an indelible impression on the dog. Especially puppies will make them feel fearful towards you, losing their naughty nature and dependence on you.

In the spring and autumn seasons, dogs enter the molting period, and a large amount of coat falls off. It attaches to various objects and people in the room and affects indoor hygiene. If eaten by dogs, it will also affect the dog's digestion. Therefore, it is necessary to comb the dog's coat frequently, which can not only remove the shed dirt and dust and prevent the coat from tangling, but also promote blood circulation, enhance skin resistance, and relieve fatigue.

The purpose of bathing. Dog sebaceous secretions have an unpleasant odor, and they will also be stained with dirt to make the coat tangled and give off a bad smell. If you don't bathe your dog, it will easily cause pathogenic microorganisms and parasites to make your dog sick. Therefore, the dog must be bathed and keeping the skin clean is beneficial to the dog's health.

The way to take a bath. Puppies are vulnerable to respiratory infections, colds, and pneumonia due to cold bathing. Therefore, water baths are not suitable for children under the age of six months. Dry cleaning is advisable. Spray conditioner and baby powder diluted more than 1,000 times every day or every other day. Frequent brushing can replace water washing. The puppies are afraid of bathing, especially the Sharpei puppies are afraid of water. Therefore, it is necessary to do a good job of training the puppy for the first bath, fill the basin with warm water, and put the puppy in the basin, exposing the head and neck. This will make the puppy feel comfortable and will not refuse to bathe in the future.

The correct way to enter the bath is as follows: Stand with the dog's head to your left, and block the lower part of the dog's head to the chest with your left hand, and fix the dog's body. Put your right hand in the bath, use warm water to gently wet the hips, back, abdomen, hindlimbs, shoulders and forelimbs in the order, apply shampoo (preferably pet shampoo), rub gently, use a comb very Freshen up quickly, press both sides of the anus with your fingers before flushing, and squeeze out the secretions of the anal glands. Cover both ears from the lower palate with left or right hand, and gently rinse from the top of the head with clean water, taking care to prevent water from flowing into the ears, and then rinse all parts of the body with clean water from front to back, and immediately wrap them with a towel Hold your head and wipe the water dry. Long-haired dogs can be dried with a hair dryer. While blowing the air, comb the hair continuously. As long as the dog's body is not dry, it should be combed until the hair is dry.

Pick a pet dog
There are three main considerations when choosing a pet dog. One is to choose your favorite breed. There are many breeds of pet dogs, and their appearances are also varied. There are a lot of likables, but limited by financial resources and energy, it is impossible to raise a lot. Therefore, you have to choose your favorite individual species so that you can take care of them carefully after you are adopted. The second is to choose the breed that is suitable for your own breeding. There are many classification methods for pet dogs. According to their body size, they can be divided into large, medium, small and very small. The height of 61cm or more and the weight of 40 kg or more are considered to be large. Many large pet dogs are more than 1 m tall and weigh more than 100 kg; body height is 40.7~ 61 cm weighs 30-40 kg and is medium-sized; body height is 25.5-40.7 cm and weighs 30 kg is small; body height is less than 25 cm and weighs less than 4 kg is very small; some pocket dogs are only 12 cm tall and weigh less than 0.5kg. Large-scale pet dogs are very prestigious, and the 'return rate' is very high, but many people do not have the conditions to raise large-scale pet dogs, so they must choose the breed that is suitable for them. The third is to pick healthy individuals. A healthy dog ??is lively and active, looks very energetic, with bright eyes, pink conjunctiva, no secretions, no tears; nose is wet and cool, no mucus, no abnormal secretions; no peculiar smell in the mouth, bright red tongue without tongue coating, Teeth are white, no incomplete closure, no salivation; fresh hair color, warm but not hot, fluffy and tidy, no hair loss, no lice; anus is tightened, and the surrounding area is clean and free of foreign objects. In addition, try to pick a trained dog or a dog that is about 3 weeks old. Such a dog is convenient for future training.


Keeping a pet dog should prepare some necessary utensils, such as kennels, food bowls, food trays, water bowls, brushes, combs, razors, hair dryers, etc., as well as some pet dog toys. These utensils can be selected and purchased at the pet store, or you can make use of some of your own idle items to make your own transformation.

'Certificate' for pet dogs
Pet dogs should be issued in accordance with the regulations of the relevant government departments. The general process is that the dog owner first goes to the local police station to obtain the dog-keeping registration form, fills in the content as required, pastes the dog’s photo and the dog owner’s photo, and then goes to the local police station and public security bureau. Check level by level, or go to the one-stop service hall of the district government.

Pet dog's diet
The principle of pet dog's diet is fixed time, quantitative, qualitative, fixed time, fixed point and fixed temperature.

Timing is to select the feeding time according to the pet dog's dietary needs and taking into account his own time. Once the feeding time is determined, it is fed regularly every day and cannot be changed at will, so that the pet dog can build a conditioned reflex. Quantitative means to control the pet dog’s food intake. It is better not to be hungry or full, which is equivalent to a person’s seven or eight-point fullness, not to overeat or overeating. Qualitative is to ensure the quality of the pet dog's diet, including clean drinking water, safe food, and nutritional balance. Pet food is mainly divided into two types, one is to buy professional dog food, the other is to eat leftovers from people, and both types of food are acceptable. It should be noted that you cannot feed moldy food or feed. Foods such as chocolate, onions, garlic, chicken bones, beef bones, pork bones, shrimps and crabs, etc. cannot be fed raw or undercooked foods, greasy foods, and sweet or pungent foods cannot be fed for a long time Once food is poisoned, salt should not be used to stimulate vomiting. The fixed frequency is the fixed number of times the pet dog eats every day, and the adult dog can be fed once every morning and evening. The number of baby dogs can be 1 to 2 times more. The fixed point is to fix the pet dog's eating place. Constant temperature means that the dog's food must have a certain temperature, not too hot or too cold, warm food in winter, cold food in summer, generally eat first and drink later. [


Prevention and Control of Pet Dogs' Diseases Keeping pet dogs must be vaccinated to prevent them from hurting and causing illness. In addition, they must be dewormed regularly to prevent parasite infection. For these professional jobs, you must go to a regular pet hospital to find a professional pet doctor for advice and handling. Vaccines for pet dog immunization generally include rabies vaccine, canine distemper vaccine, hepatitis vaccine and so on. Regardless of whether the pet dog is vaccinated or not, once a person is bitten by a pet dog, he must go to a regular hospital for treatment as soon as possible. [4]

Canine distemper and parvovirus disease are common epidemics in pet dogs, which have a significant impact on the health of the dog, and in severe cases, directly threaten the life of the pet dog. At present, although many pet dog owners carry out epidemic prevention treatment for them every year, the incidence of the above-mentioned two epidemic diseases is still high. Combining the above-mentioned epidemiological characteristics and clinical symptoms, the main points of diagnosis are proposed, and the prevention and treatment methods are analyzed and summarized. A detailed report is now made. [6]

Canine plague. Under normal circumstances, canine distemper epidemics mostly occur in pet dog puppies. The causative virus of this disease is mainly canine distemper virus, which has a serious impact on the health of puppies. Canine distemper can cause severe indigestion, rhinitis, respiratory obstruction and other manifestations in pet dogs. Some sick dogs will develop encephalitis and threaten the lives of sick dogs. Canine distemper virus is generally distributed in the excreta of sick dogs, and there are also a large number of viruses in its secretions. There are usually two ways for healthy pet dogs to be infected with canine distemper. One is direct contact with food containing the virus, and the other is contact with dogs that have already developed canine distemper. Canine distemper can occur all year round, among which spring and winter are the most frequent seasons, especially in the stage when the weather changes significantly. Under normal circumstances, pet dogs from 1 to 2 years old are more prone to canine distemper virus infection.

Clinical symptoms. Canine distemper can cause damage to the respiratory function of sick dogs, causing them to breathe tightly. Some sick dogs may have eye conjunctival flushing and eye secretions increase significantly. At the same time, the sick dog has tremor, chills, clear nose, etc. The nose and eye secretions can gradually turn into purulent secretions, leading to local skin ulcers. The gastrointestinal function of the sick dog is severely affected, not only will vomiting, diarrhea, etc., but also loss of appetite, leading to weight loss. For dogs with severe canine distemper virus infection, in addition to the above symptoms, some dogs will have muscle pain, cramps and other manifestations, combined with severe neurological symptoms, leading to coma. Canine distemper is divided into three stages, and the clinical symptoms of each stage are slightly different. Table 1 shows the main clinical symptoms of canine distemper. The source of infection reduces the probability of a large number of virus outbreaks. For sick dogs, they should be actively treated according to their stage of disease. In the early stage of the disease, monoclonal antibodies or serum can be used to treat the disease. At the same time, canine distemper high immunity serum can be used to neutralize the virus infection of sick dogs, and cooperate with the intake of immunoglobulin to effectively improve the immune function of sick dogs. While actively carrying out specific treatments, corresponding antiviral treatments must also be carried out. If there are multiple pathogen infections, antibiotics are used for treatment.

Parvovirus disease. The main epidemic feature of parvovirus disease is that it is highly contagious, but the course of the disease is relatively short. The main pathogen of this epidemic is canine parvovirus. In the early stage of the disease, the sick dog may have more serious gastrointestinal manifestations, with more pronounced vomiting symptoms. In the later stage of the onset, diarrhea usually occurs, blood is mixed in the stool, and the stool smell is relatively strong, and the stool color is tomato red. When diagnosing parvovirus disease, laboratory tests are usually not required, and special test papers can be used to clarify the condition.

Clinical symptoms. Parvovirus disease is mainly divided into two types, one is enteritis, and the other is myocarditis. Among them, enteritis type usually shows clinical symptoms within 2 weeks of viral infection. In the early stage of the disease, the body temperature of the sick dog is significantly increased, the appetite is reduced, and symptoms of vomiting and diarrhea appear. The stool is relatively thin at the beginning of the disease, and symptoms of blood in the stool may appear after the course of the disease progresses, and the color of the stool is brown. At the same time, the sick dog's body is weak, the weight is significantly reduced, and the appearance of sunken eyeballs, if the treatment is ignored, it will cause shock and death. For myocarditis, this type of syndrome is relatively rare. There are no significant symptoms and signs before the onset. Not only does the onset occur suddenly, but it also causes the body temperature to rise, and respiratory obstruction, gastrointestinal symptoms, etc. appear. Parvovirus disease can cause a severe decrease in appetite, inability to eat in severe cases, and symptoms such as diarrhea and vomiting can aggravate water and electrolyte imbalance, resulting in a significant decrease in effective circulating blood volume and causing microcirculation dysfunction.

Key points of differential diagnosis. Since the onset of parvovirus disease is relatively sudden and the course of the disease is short, it is a significant threat to the life and safety of sick dogs. Therefore, it should be compared with other diseases when it is clinically diagnosed. Effectively distinguish the disease, and take timely symptomatic treatment intervention measures to avoid the occurrence of prolonged disease and improve the clinical treatment effect. For example, both parvovirus disease and canine distemper can cause severe diarrhea and vomiting in sick dogs, but can be distinguished by distinguishing the excrement. Parvovirus disease can cause the sick dog to excrete foul-smelling feces, and the color is similar to tomato red, and canine distemper is The above performance will not occur. For another example, parvovirus disease and canine infectious hepatitis are all manifested in dehydration, vomiting, diarrhea, and blood in the stool, but parvovirus disease has no jaundice or hepatomegaly, which can be used for differential diagnosis.

Prevention strategy. (1) Preventive measures: In order to effectively prevent parvovirus disease, pet dogs should be vaccinated against parvovirus enteritis in time when they are puppies. At the same time, when raising pet dogs, it is necessary to ensure scientific feeding, supplement them with trace elements in time, and supplement vegetable ingredients on this basis to ensure a reasonable diet and dietary fiber nutrition. Note that in the breeding process, no spoiled food or feed can be fed to fully prevent minor epidemics. (2) Treatment method: In order to fully reduce water and electrolyte imbalance, maintain normal blood volume, and reduce the incidence of shock, effective measures should be taken to expand blood volume. During fluid rehydration therapy, the actual condition of the sick dog should be combined and the degree of dehydration should be judged. Pay close attention to the rehydration treatment process. If the heartbeat of the sick dog is found to return to normal and can urinate spontaneously, it means that the rehydration treatment effect has been achieved, and fluid infusion can be stopped according to the actual situation. During the treatment, attention should be paid to the following issues: First, the cardiopulmonary function of the sick dog should be closely observed during the treatment. If breathing difficulties or excessive heart rate occur, the fluid infusion rate should be adjusted reasonably and the fluid infusion should be restricted. dose. Second, for sick dogs who need a lot of fluids, the temperature of the fluid should be controlled to avoid low-temperature fluids, thereby effectively reducing the risk of treatment.
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